git config user.name "Firstname Lastname" git config user.email "[email protected]"
Initialize a get repo
Create a .gitignore file to keep unneeded or confidential information from the repository.
Alternatively you can pre-create one here https://www.gitignore.io, or copy and past into the .gitignore.
If the project already exists on GitHub and you plan to contribute it can be pulled.
git remote add origin https://github.com/username/project_name.git git pull
To take a copy of the code for your own use
git clone https://github.com/username/project_name.git
Run this command to get a list of branches and the current branch.
To create a new branch
git branch <my_new_branch>
To change current working branch
git checkout <my_branch>
Create the branch from GitHub locally and switch to it
git checkout -b <my_branch>
Update a branch if the remote has changed
git fetch origin
Merge a branch back to master
git checkout master git merge <my_branch>
To delete a branch
git branch -d
To reset a branch to master
git reset --hard master
Want to get a file from another branch? Checkout the branch you want to copy the file(s) too. Then checkout the files from the source branch. Don’t forget to commit when finished adding files.
git checkout <destination_branch> git checkout <source_branch> <paths> git commit -a -m "added a couple files from the other branch"
Run these commands to commit latest changes.
git add . git commit -m 'comment about latest changes'
Or more condensed
git commit -a -m 'comment about latest changes'
Add GitHub as a remote
git remote add origin https://github.com/username/project_name.git
If you want to change remote or had a spelling mistake (oops)
git remote rm origin git remote add origin https://github.com/username/project_name.git # to see what the remote is... in case you forgot :) git remote -v
Push to remote
git push origin <branch name> # if you need to force the update.. git push origin <branch name> --force
To see files that are not excluded by .gitignore
git ls-files -ci --exclude-standard
To remove excluded files from commit
git ls-files -ci --exclude-standard -z | xargs -0 git rm --cached
Create Alias for this command so you can run ‘git apply-gitignore’ to fix any commit that missed updates in gitignore.
# change editor to nano git config --global core.editor "nano" # edit file git config --global --edit # add following text [alias] apply-gitignore = !git ls-files -ci --exclude-standard -z | xargs -0 git rm --cached